Review sheet for Quiz #2

Terms/concepts
 
Absolute humidity
Adiabatic temperature change
Antarctic Circle
Arctic Circle
Bimetallic strip
Calorie
Condensation
Cooling degree-day
Deposition
Dew point
Equator
Evaporation
Freezing
Global warming
Greenhouse effect
Heat island
Heating degree-day
Humidity
Isotherm
Latent heat
Liquid-in-glass thermometer
Maximum thermometer
Mean temperature
Mechanical thermometer
Melting
Minimum thermometer
Mixing ratio
Psychrometer
Range of temperature
Reflection
Refraction
Relative humidity
Saturation
Specific heat
Sublimation
Thermograph
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Capricorn
Vapor pressure
Vapor pressure


Format will be the same as the last quiz - short answer, fill-in-the-blank, and/or draw or complete a diagram.These terms may not be comprehensive, i.e., there may be others that I have not listed or are from the previous quiz.


Practice questions:

  1. Describe how the daily mean, daily range, monthly mean, annual mean, and annual temperature range are determined. 
  2. List the factors that cause temperature to vary from place to place and time to time. 
  3. Discuss the factors that contribute to the differential heating and cooling of land and water. 
  4. Describe the influence of ocean currents, altitude, geographic position, cloud cover, and albedo on temperature. 
  5. Relate the major controls of temperature to the world distribution of temperature. 
  6. Discuss daily and annual temperature variations. 
  7. Explain how mechanical and electrical thermometers operate. 
  8. Describe the differences between the Fahrenheit, Celsius, and Kelvin temperature scales. 
  9. Relate how heating degree-days, cooling degree-days, and growing degree-days are calculated. 
  10. Why does the warmest temperature of the day typically occur in the mid- to late-afternoon, rather than at the time of the greatest Sun angle? Why does the warmest part of the year occur several weeks after the time of the summer solstice?
  11. Explain the indices that are used to report the human perception of temperature. 
  12. Discuss the processes and energy requirements by which water changes from one state of matter to another. 
  13. Distinguish among absolute humidity, mixing ratio, vapor pressure, relative humidity, and dew point as methods to express the water vapor content of the air. 
  14. Explain the two ways that relative humidity can be changed. 
  15. Describe the principle that governs the use of a psychrometer in determining relative humidity and dew point. 
  16. Discuss the adiabatic process and its role in cloud formation. 
  17. List and describe the atmospheric conditions that determine the stability of air and the various types of stability. 
  18. List and discuss the factors that modify the stability of air. 
  19. State the four mechanisms that cause air to rise. 
  20. What affect does changing the temperature of an air sample have on relative humidity? 
  21. What affect does changing the vapor pressure of an air sample have on relative humidity? 
  22. How do temperature and moisture content affect condensation and evaporation?
  23. Write a brief statement relating the stability of a parcel of air to its relative humidity, lifting condensation level, and cloud formation.