# Fourth Hour Exam

## December 10, 1997

For every question, also consider as a possible answer

E) none of the above

Possibly useful information:

v = x / t p = m v T = 2

a = v / t PE = m g h T = 2

v = vi + a t PE = (1/2) k x2 v =

x = xi + vi t + (1/2) a t2 KE = (1/2) m v2 v=(wavelength) x (frequency)

v = r F = k x L = (n) x (half wavelength)

F = m a Ei = Ef

F12 = - F21 pi = pf

w = mg F = p / t

g = 9.8 m/s2 10 m/s2

1/f = 1/do + 1/di

M = &endash; di/do

M = 25 cm/f

di = [1/n] do

n1 sin 1 = n 2 sin 2

M = fobj/feye

c = 3.00 x 108 m/s

For every question, also consider as a possible answer

E) none of the above

For every question, also consider the following as a possible answer:

e) none of the above

1. Electromagnetic waves consist of

a) compressions and rarefactions of electromagnetic pulses.

b) oscillating electric and magnetic fields.

c) particles of light energy.

d) high-frequency gravitational waves.

2. Electromagnetic waves

a) can travel through a vacuum.

b) need a medium to travel through.

3. The main difference between a radio wave and a light wave is its

a) speed (both have the same speed, 3.0 x 108 m/s)

b) wavelength

c) EM characteristic (both are EM waves)

d) all of the above

4. Which of these electromagnetic waves has the shortest wavelength?

a) X-rays

b) ultraviolet waves

c) infrared waves

5. Compared to ultraviolet waves, the wavelength of infrared is

a) longer

b) identical

c) shorter

6. Compared to radio waves, the velocity of visible light waves in a vacuum is

a) greater

b) the same (all EM waves have the same speed, 3.0 x 108 m/s)

c) less

7. Compared to radio waves, the wavelength of visible light waves in a vacuum is

a) longer

b) the same

c) shorter

8. Which of the following is fundamentally different from the others?

a) X-rays (EM wave requiring no medium)

b) visible light waves (EM wave requiring no medium)

c) sound waves (sound is a mechanical wave that requires a medium)

d) radio waves (EM wave requiring no medium)

9. The sensation of color is seen when light falls on the eye's

a) rods

b) cones

c) cornea

d) crystalline lens

10. The cones in the retina of the eye are

a) most densely packed at the center of vision, the fovea.

b) uniformly spread along the visual field.

c) concentrated along the periphery of vision.

d) concentrated at the "blind spot" where the optic nerve attaches to the retina.

11. If a light signal and a radio signal were emitted simultaneously from Alpha Centauri, the first to reach Earth would be the

b) the light signal

c) both would arrive at the same time (all EM waves have the same speed, 3.0 x 108 m/s)

12. Color depends on what characteristic of light?

a) wavelength

b) frequency

c) both of these ( frequency x wavelength = speed )

d) neither of these

13. The colored dots that make up the color on a TV screen are

a) red, yellow, green

b) red, yellow, blue

c) red, green, blue

d) cyan, magenta, yellow

14. Magenta light is a mixture of

a) red and yellow

b) cyan and yellow

c) red and blue

d) yellow and blue

15. Colors seen on TV result from color

a) subtraction

c) neither of these

d) either of these

16. Colors seen on the cover of a magazine result from color

a) subtraction

c) neither of these

d) either of these

17. Different colors of light correspond to different light

a) velocities

b) intensities

c) polarities

d) frequencies

18. Look at a full-color picture in a magazine with a magnifying glass and you'll see that the inks used are

a) red, green, cyan, and blue.

b) red, green, blue, and black.

c) magenta, cyan, yellow, and black.

d) magenta, cyan, yellow, and blue.

19. A sheet of red paper will look black when illuminated with

a) red light

b) cyan light

c) yellow light

d) magenta light

20. A blue object will appear black when illuminated with

a) blue light

b) yellow light

c) red light

d) cyan light

21. A mixture of red and green light produces

a) blue

b) magenta

c) yellow

d) cyan

22. A spotlight produces white light which then passes through a filter that absorbs the yellow light. What color is the light that passes through?

a) red

b) green

c) blue

d) yellow

23. A spotlight produces white light which then passes through a filter that absorbs the red light. What color is the light that passes through?

a) red

b) yellow

c) magenta

d) cyan

24. Light travels fastest in

a) water

b) vacuum

c) air

d) glass

25. Refraction, as light goes from air to glass, results from differences in light's

a) frequency in air and glass

b) incident angle

c) speed in air and glass

d) all of the above

26. Light refracts when traveling from air into glass because light

a) intensity is greater in air than in glass

b) frequency is greater in glass than in air

c) speed is greater in air than in glass

d) polarization is greater in glass than in air

27. A beam of light emerges from water into air at an angle. The beam is bent

a) toward the normal

b) away from the normal

c) at an angle of 49°

d) only if it is polarized

28. When a light beam emerges from water into air, the light speed

a) increases

b) remains the same

c) decreases

29. Refraction causes the bottom of a swimming pool to appear

a) farther away than it really is

b) closer to the surface than it really is

30. Different colors are dispersed by a prism because different colors in the prism have different

a) speeds

b) directions

c) energies

d) momenta

31. The critical angle for a transparent material is the angle at and beyond which all light within the material is totally

a) absorbed

b) reflected (total internal reflection)

c) refracted

d) polarized

32. In an optical fiber, light actually

a) curves in a direction parallel to the central axis of the fiber.

b) travels in straight-line segments.

(by total internal reflection, light is reflected at the edge of the optic fiber)

c) travels along the outer surface of the fiber.

d) all of the above.

33. Your image in a plane mirror is

a) virtual

b) real

c) both of these

34. The type of lens that spreads parallel light is a

 a) converging lens b) diverging lens c) either of these

35. Which of the following can be projected onto a viewing screen?

a) a virtual image

b) a real image

c) a convex image

d) a concave image

36. The image of something "infinitely far away", like the Sun, produced by a converging lens appears

a) between the lens and the focal point

b) at the focal point

c) between the focal point and twice the focal length

d) at twice the focal length

a) dilated or opened wide

c) blue

d) brown

38. According to Huygens' principle, every point on a wave

a) is a diffraction source.

b) behaves as a source of new waves.

c) is the superposition of every other part of the wave.

d) all of the above.

39. Consider plane waves incident upon a barrier with a small opening. After passing through the opening, the waves

a) continue as plane waves

c) are polarized

d) converge

40. Light will not pass through a pair of Polaroids when their axes are

a) parallel

b) rotated 45°

c) rotated 57°

d) perpendicular

41. Monochromatic light is light of a single

a) color

b) wavelength

c) frequency

d) all of the above

42. Light from a laser is

a) monochromatic

b) in phase

c) coherent

d) all of the above

43. A 2-m tall person viewing his full-length image in a plane mirror requires a mirror that is at least

 a) 0.5 m b) 1.0 m. c) 2.0 m. d) This depends upon how far the person is from the mirror.

44. In the interference pattern produced by shining a laser through two slits (Young's double slit experiment), the bright areas are the result of

a) destructive interference.

b) polarization.

c) constructive interference.

d) restructive construction.

45. When light passes through a diffraction grating it is bent. Light with a greater wavelength will be bent

a) through a smaller angle.

b) the same (bending is independent of wavelength).

c) through a larger angle.

46. Rainbows are a result of

a) dispersion and reflection.

b) dispersion and polarization.

c) reconstruction and polarization.

d) constructive and destructive interference.

47. An object is placed 20 cm from a converging lens that has a focal length of 10 cm. Make a ray diagram of this situation. From the ray diagram, characterize the image.

The image is

a) real and inverted (and the same size)

b) virtual, inverted, and smaller.

c) virtual, upright, and smaller.

d) virtual, inverted, and larger.

48. An object is placed 30 cm from a converging lens that has a focal length of 10 cm. Make a ray diagram of this situation. From the ray diagram, characterize the image.

The image is

a) real, inverted, and larger.

b) real, inverted, and smaller.

c) virtual, upright, and smaller.

d) virtual, inverted, and smaller.

49. An object is placed 15 cm from a converging lens that has a focal length of 10 cm. Make a ray diagram of this situation. From the ray diagram, characterize the image.

The image is

a) real, inverted, and larger.

b) real, inverted, and smaller.

c) real, upright, and smaller.

d) virtual, upright, and larger.

50. An object is placed 5 cm from a converging lens that has a focal length of 10 cm. Make a ray diagram of this situation. From the ray diagram, characterize the image.

The image is

a) real, inverted, and larger.

b) real, inverted, and smaller.

c) virtual, upright, and smaller.

d) virtual, upright, and larger.