Heat is internal energy that is exchanged between two objects due to their difference in temperature.

Heat always transfers, or flows, from a body at higher temperature to one at lower temperature.

This is an expansion of the Work-Energy Theorem.

Now we will call it the First Law of Thermodynamics. Heat is just another form of energy and energy is (still) conserved.

W + Q = Etot = KE + PE + Eint


1 cal = 4.186 J

1 BTU = 1054.8 J

1 "food Calorie" = 1 Cal = 1 kcal = 1000 cal

Thermal Stress

Specific Heat
Return to ToC, Temperature, Heat, & Internal Energy
(c) 2002, Doug Davis; all rights reserved