Elastic Properties of Solids
Cause ==> Effect
Cause ==> Deformation
"Force" ==> Deformation
What kinds of deformations will we encounter?Length deformationCompression
Tensile / stretch
Length deformation as an example
But how can we describe the material itself--independent of the geometry?
Stress is measured in newtons per square meters; this is known as a pascal, Pa.
1 pascal = 1 Pa = 1 [ N / m2 ]
What does all this mean for length deformation -- stretching or compressing?
The "length deformation modulus" is known as Young's Modulus,
Young's Modulus is the slope of the line for the elastic region of this Stress / Strain graph.
Click here for an EXAMPLE.
But F/A is just the pressure which we will talk about shortly. Therefore, we can also write the definition of the Bulk Modulus as
Notice the minus sign. This is necessary because an increase in pressure causes a decrease in volume.
States of Matter Density Return to ToC, Solids and Fluids at Rest (c) 2002, Doug Davis; all rights reserved