## Newton's Second Law,

F = ma In the presence of a NET FORCE, an object experiences an ACCELERATION

- directly proportional to the NET FORCE

- inversely proportional to the MASS of the object.
Remember, though,

Fis the NET force

- m is the mass which that net force acts on.

We often turn this around and write it as

What are the

UNITSof force in

F = m a A force of ONE unit will give an object of 1.0 kg mass

an acceleration of 1.0 m/s/s ;

this force is known as

ONE NEWTON (1.0 N) .

1 N = ( 1 kg ) ( 1 m/s/s )

F = m a Force will be measured in newtons A force of 1 N will give

a mass of 1 kg

an accelertion of 1 m/s/s.

1 N = ( 1 kg ) ( 1 m/s/s )

12 N = ( 3 kg ) ( 4 m/s/s ) A force of 12 N could give a mass of 3 kg

an accelertion of 4 m/s/s

12 N = ( 2 kg ) ( 6 m/s/s ) A force of 12 N could give a mass of 2 kg

an accelertion of 6 m/s/s .

If an object is inequilibrium--at rest--then, the net force on the object must be zero.That is, the sum of all the forces on an object is zero when the object is in

equilibrium.

MassWeightReturn to ToC, Ch4, Newton's Laws of Motion(c) 2002, Doug Davis; all rights reserved